There are many programming languages, and new ones appear from time to time, but as a future Linux software developer focused on desktop applications, you need to understand what it takes to create reliable, efficient, flexible, extensible, convenient and above all secure applications.
And one of the first things to know is to understand the appropriate language for developing various programs.
Below is a list of the best programming languages that can be used to develop desktop applications on Linux, this list is not based on level of importance as all languages here are good and they are also cross-platform, which means you can get the same applications to work on other operating systems. …
1.C / C ++
These two languages, although considered different programming languages, C ++ is just an extension of the C language, and it adds object-oriented capabilities to C, so they can be grouped together.
As you may already know, Linux is mostly C language with assembly parts. So you can use C and use GTK + cross-platform toolkit for GUI applications.
C ++It is considered the best choice for software development due to its high performance, but it may not be suitable for beginners due to its high precision requirements in areas such as memory management. It is also widely used for Windows software development.
You can also use Qt, which is an excellent cross-platform C ++ based application development environment.
Qt is both commercial and open source and will greatly assist you in developing desktop applications in combination with C and C ++.
Java is a powerful, fully object-oriented and cross-platform programming language that offers ample opportunities for building networked applications.
Java was originally designed to run applets in web browsers, but it has always had amazing capabilities for running desktop applications right from the start.
Java is one of the best, especially if you intend to develop applications that will run on just about any appropriate operating system. Java is great for migrating from one operating system to another, especially from Windows or Mac OS X to Linux, without having to port your existing applications.
Python is a high-level, versatile, dynamic and interpreted programming language that is surely gaining popularity in the market.
Many programmers turn to Python for its easy-to-read syntax and its ability to allow programmers to express concepts in multiple lines of code when compared to other programming languages. It is easy to learn and a good option for beginners.
Python is one of the popular languages in Linux and many applications are developed using it, and you can use frameworks like Qt and GTK.
Electron is an environment used to develop native cross-platform applications using web technologies and is actively maintained on GitHub and the contributor community.
It is also a good option for beginners looking to develop desktop applications for Linux and other operating systems.
Shell not only allows the system user to interact with the kernel, but is also a full-fledged programming language, with the most common constructs of a common programming language with GNU Bash (Bourne Again Shell).
It is sh (Bourne Shell) compatible and also includes many useful features from ksh (Korn Shell) and csh (C Shell). You can use it with tools like Qt et al, which allow you to display GTK + dialogs from the terminal using scripts.
As always, you also have your own views, so any criticism that enlightens and helps Linux users is appreciated. If you are using programming languages and frameworks that are not included in this list, you can let us know about this and any other opinion on this topic by leaving a comment below.