Newcomers to IT often ask themselves: which programming language to choose for learning? We have supplemented the list with interesting facts and links to useful courses so that you can definitely decide and start learning.
Concepts in Programming Languages elucidates the central concepts used in modern programming languages, such as functions, types, memory management, and control. The book is unique in its comprehensive presentation and comparison of major object-oriented programming languages. Separate chapters examine the history of objects, Simula and Smalltalk, and the prominent languages C++ and Java. The author presents foundational topics, such as lambda calculus and denotational semantics, in an easy-to-read, informal style, focusing on the main insights provided by these theories. Advanced topics include concurrency, concurrent object-oriented programming, program components, and inter-language interoperability. A chapter on logic programming illustrates the importance of specialized programming methods for certain kinds of problems.
To begin with, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with the average salaries that are paid to developers in companies that are residents of the High-Tech Park.
And now let’s move on to the top 10 – let’s talk about the demand and areas of application of this or that programming language.
Java is perhaps one of the most versatile programming languages out there. It is among the best in many ratings – TIOBE, PYPL, IEEE. If you look more closely at the TIOBE rating, for example, you will notice that the Java language has been leading it for several years in a row. And, judging by the recent October update, it is not going to give up its positions – it is confidently holding the first line.
For a beginner in IT, the Java language is good because it allows you to develop in different directions. After the basic course Java Programming where the basics are taught, the doors to enterprise development, industrial programming, development of mobile applications for Android, automated testing… Having completed training in one of these professional programs, there is every chance of starting work in an IT company as a junior developer next year.
Python is increasingly gaining market share, says The Economist. And he adds: Python is capable of “killing” all competitors. And here is the proof. TIOBE analysts reported that the top 8 languages of the ranking have remained practically unchanged for 15 years. There is only one exception – Python, which not only “pushed” Perl out of the list, but is currently one of the top three. Python was named the fastest growing language in a 2019 Stack Overflow poll!
The two main benefits of Python are simplicity and versatility. The first feature allows you to quickly learn the language. The latter is easy to imagine with real-world examples: Google used Python for web crawling, the CIA for hacks, Spotify for song recommendations, Pixar for movie production. To one degree or another, this language was used for YouTube, Reddit, Instagram, Pinterest, DropBox, FireFox, which confirms its universality.
Android devices have 2 billion monthly users, so if you decide start developing applications for this mobile operating system, you will definitely not go wrong. To get into this realm, you need the statically typed Kotlin or Java language.
The compiled multithreaded language Golang or Go, developed internally by Google, is not yet as popular as the ones mentioned above. But experts agree: Go has a future. And those who take the time to study it now will be in high demand.
Go is suitable for network programming, data processing, calculating statistics, writing devops, admin tools, and so on.
The C # programming language is used on the web and is actively used in the development of games for PCs and consoles. After the basic course C # Programming you can choose a direction for professional development – to study industrial software development on ASP.NET or creating mobile games on Unity…
If you think about iOS development for example, about creating apps for the iPhone and iPad, then you can’t do without Swift. This language was introduced as an alternative to Objective-C in 2014. It seems relatively recently, but this did not prevent Swift from entering the top 10 most popular programming languages in the world in just four years (data from GitHub and Stack Overflow) and confidently holding in various ratings today.
Rust has been named “Favorite Programming Language” in the Stack Overflow Developer Survey for four years in a row. It is worth taking a closer look at. Rust is a compiled and multi-paradigm language, and it is positioned as an alternative to C / C ++.
If you think that PHP dies then you are wrong. It feels great! It is one of the most widely used programming languages. And everything is subject to him – from web sites to databases and mobile applications.
It is also a great option for those who are interested in a “quick start” in IT. After just a few lessons on Comprehensive Course in PHP Web Application Development you can already start building your first simple web application.
C / C ++
C and C ++ are separate languages with different programming models, but they are very closely related. They are called “evergreen tongues”. Many of you have probably heard of them since high school.
These languages are traditionally included in the top five leaders in the TIOBE ranking. C is used in embedded and operating systems (Linux is a great example), and C ++ allows you to solve tasks that require high performance. Thanks to the excellent working speed C ++ is used in game development, graphics engines, in the fields of virtual and augmented reality.
The book introduces basic programming of ARM Cortex-M cores in assembly and C at the register level, and the fundamentals of embedded system design. It presents basic concepts such as data representations (integer, fixed-point, floating-point), assembly instructions, stack, and implementing basic controls and functions of C language at the assembly level. It covers advanced topics such as interrupts, mixing C and assembly, direct memory access (DMA), system timers (SysTick), multi-tasking, SIMD instructions for digital signal processing (DSP), and instruction encoding/decoding. The book also gives detailed examples of interfacing peripherals, such as general purpose I/O (GPIO), LCD driver, keypad interaction, stepper motor control, PWM output, timer input capture, DAC, ADC, real-time clock (RTC), and serial communication (USART, I2C, SPI, and USB).