Programming and website development: the path to professionalism step by step

Now the famous phrase of Bill Gates that there can be no business without a presence on the Internet.

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Many people start a business from building a website. There are statistics according to which every tenth project “shoots” at best. Not every entrepreneur is ready to rise and move on after a few defeats. Who is the winner? Those whose bread is website programming: these specialists always have orders, regardless of the success of their clients’ business. If things go badly for the customer, the site remains out of work, but it was once developed and paid for its development. If the customer’s business flourishes, he calls the programmer to expand the site’s capabilities.

Programming and website development: the path to professionalism step by step
Programming and website development: the path to professionalism step by step

How to become a programmer

For website development and programming to become your specialty, you need to study. There are three main ways:

  • Special educational institutions.
  • Self-education.
  • Paid courses.

Each has its own pros and cons. Let’s consider them.

Schools

Educational institutions where you can learn programming languages ​​for websites are medium-sized rather than higher educational institutions. Practical skills can be obtained in a technical school or college, where there is a corresponding specialization CashRubka.

However, to become a programmer, it is not enough to know the language – you need logic, higher mathematics and other exact and not only sciences. This is exactly what you get at the university.

Experts tacitly distinguish between the concepts of programmer, coder and administrator of Internet systems. The programmer is able to design a complex system and make it workable, the coder knows the programming language and can, according to a strict terms of reference (TOR) or a given template, create a website that can be mastered, and the administrator is able to set up a ready-made website engine and bring it into line with the technical specification without programming.

The engine is called CMS – site content management system. CMS is a universal website builder, on the basis of which you can build your website using ready-made components.

Today the most popular programming languages ​​for creating websites are the languages ​​in which the most popular website engines are written and for which there is an affordable hosting.

Hosting is a service for hosting program code, site database and site media files.

Having gone to college and having learned the language in which you can program web sites, for example, PHP, you can create simple cashrubka sites yourself, modify ready-made sites, and develop functions for ready-made engines.

However, to create a website, you also need a design and layout, so to get a website, you need to cooperate with a designer and layout designer or master the skills of layout and layout yourself, becoming a universal specialist. Often the programmer owns the layout, but to get the design he uses the services of a designer or uses ready-made templates. However, both design and layout are completely different competencies, different from programming. The college traditionally gives only one specialization. CashRubka Having studied in college as a programmer, you can go to work in a web studio, where you will take the place of a programmer, and other specialists will perform other tasks. The web studio is designed so that the result is obtained by the efforts of different specialists, this allows you to organize work on the principle of a conveyor belt.

Website programming html

Earlier, several decades ago, there was the concept of “programming an htm site”, which meant exactly the layout, that is, the creation of a static site, consisting of a set of html pages. Now the need for a static site is reduced to zero, since it is no longer enough to give users information, they need to be given the opportunity to interact with the company. Now they make dynamic sites using ready-made developments, and less and less create resources from scratch. The ready-made tools on the basis of which sites are created are constantly updated. In such a situation, college or university education is not enough, continuous self-education is needed.

Self-education

Self-education is another way to become a website developer. There are books, blogs, video channels, streams that can help you master the skills you need. Using this path, you can master the science of creating sites completely on your own, moreover, today you can create sites without programming.

However, in this case, knowledge is likely to be not systematized and it will be extremely difficult to become a programmer, and not just a person who knows how to make websites.

On the other hand, it is impossible to maintain the acquired knowledge without self-education.

This is due to a number of reasons:

  1. New approaches to the creation of sites and web systems are constantly emerging.
  2. Programming languages ​​are updated, new versions are released.
  3. The browsers in which the site is streamed are updated and these updates need to be taken into account in order to maintain the sites created and create new ones.
  4. Trends are changing and it is important to consider trends when working on new projects.
  5. New engines, libraries, plugins, theories, ways to optimize the programmer’s work appear, without which the programmer becomes incompetent in his field.

Thus, having chosen the profession of a programmer, you will need to study constantly. But this is one of the highest paid professions!

In what ways do programmers update their knowledge:

  • Subscribe to channels and sites for learning programming and follow the news.
  • Participate in cashrubka communities based on specialized sites. Some programming sites give free advice to beginners, allowing you to get answers to questions on the forums or in the comments under the materials.
  • They constantly monitor the official sites of the languages, engines and libraries used, learning about updates.
  • Take part in conferences and other events.
  • They communicate with each other and actively share their experience.
  • Subscribe to YouTube channels and streams, where experienced professionals demonstrate the progress of the work.
  • Read new books and articles on the topic.

Self-education often happens along the way. There is a modern teaching theory “70:20:10”, the essence of which is that 70% of knowledge and experience we get in the process of work, 20% through the help of mentors and only 10% in the course of the usual academic learning – at lectures and trainings. This scheme applies to programmers more than to anyone else. Even if you have not studied and you are interested in programming websites from scratch, you can have patience and make mentor friends, moving as needed to the necessary skills and to the desired result.

There is another way of learning programming – courses, which are often paid.

Courses:

  1. They will provide relevant theoretical knowledge.
  2. They will teach you how to perform typical practical tasks.
  3. Organize knowledge and reinforce existing skills.
  4. Prepare for practical activities.

Some IT companies offer paid courses, after which the best graduates are offered employment.

Let’s consider all this in more detail, paying attention to what the site consists of and what the process of its development consists of.

What is called a site

Earlier, when the Internet just appeared, a site was called any page that had an address on the network and was available for viewing. Now the site continues to be called everything that has an address on the network and is available for use, but most often today’s site is a complex system that can hardly be called a “page”.

Anything with a domain

The address that can be typed in the address bar of the browser is the address of a site or a web system, which itself can be of any complexity, from a few pages collected into a site, and ending with the most complex large-scale web projects that go far beyond the definition of “site”.

We will call conditionally a site or a web resource everything that can be seen by entering the address in the address bar of the browser, and when discussing the features of developing a site or programming a site, we will mean everything that opens via a link on the network, regardless of complexity. Among other things, it is important to consider that the site is not necessarily located on the Internet – an open global network. It can also be placed on an internal network (intranet), in which case we will get an internal site or an intranet site, an intranet resource.

The address at which a site can be opened is called the site’s domain.

Interface

When we get to the site by the domain address, we always see the start page, which is somehow decorated. This can be a single page, or it can be a page containing entry fields to the closed part and / or a menu for navigating through other pages.

What we see cashrubka getting on any page of the site is called the “face” of the site, the interface. It is with the interface that we interact to obtain information or perform a specific action on the site.

The interface is design, information, interactive elements. The page usually contains textual information, elements with which we interact (buttons, forms, links), as well as the design and placement of all content. Website development without programming is often work on the website interfaces. Technically, creating an interface is called layout. Layout is done based on the developed design.

Website design is usually called design, it includes graphic elements, styles and distribution of blocks in a certain order. The designer, who creates the layout, is responsible for how the page looks. A layout is not a page yet; it can be compared to a postcard or a poster, which is just a picture. If we draw an analogy, it’s like a photo of a house, but not the house itself.

To make the layout come to life, you need a layout. The layout includes styles (color, size and font of text, headings, block design, etc.), markup (what is where, how is located relative to each other), graphic elements (icons, logo, background images), interactive elements.

The interface may contain interactive elements – small programs that are executed with certain user actions. For example, when you click the “show more” button, the text opens, when you specify a number in the form of a calculator, the calculated result appears, when the quantity of goods in the basket changes, the total price automatically changes.

One-pages

Some sites are very beautiful, some are quite modest – it all depends on the purpose of the site. Usually, for a resource with a complex design, a more complex maintenance of the site is also required, therefore, bright beautiful sites are now created as advertising posters – for use for a short period of time. Such sites require a maximum of design and interface development work and a minimum of programming. They can consist of just one page.

Sites consisting of one page are called one-page or landing pages. They are created for shares and are used for a short time. They usually contain advertisements that are placed as attractive as possible, and a form for collecting leads – contacts of potential buyers.

Despite the fact that single-page sites do not require management, today there is no longer a culture of developing sites in HTML: most often, they also use ready-made engines specially created for this to create landing pages.

Competencies for creating an interface

What knowledge is needed to get the site interface, for example, to create a landing page? To answer this question, it is important to know what the purpose of the site is and whether it will continue to work for a long time. We will look at this issue later.

To get a static page, you need to create a preliminary sketch or prototype of it. His CashRubka is created in special programs, but they can even just draw on paper. The main thing is information about:

  • What blocks will be on the page.
  • What information exactly or roughly will be in each of the blocks.
  • Where it is desirable to place the blocks (what are they in order of importance).
  • What interactive elements will be on the page and what scenario of user interaction with them.

Scripts are written verbally or implemented in prototyping programs. In this cashrubka way, web site programming starts with prototyping. The need for it and the scale of work at this stage depends on the scale of the project.

Of course, in order to create a sketch and draw up a task for a designer, you need to collect the requirements from the customer and make sure that the purpose of creating the site and its requirements are clear to the developers. This does not apply to the work of a programmer, but refers to the process of creating a site, so if the site is created by one person, then this stage is also his work.

Based on the sketch, the designer creates a layout, also in a special program, for example, in Photoshop, where he organizes all the elements in the form of separate image layers. To create a layout, you need to have an artistic taste, understand the theory of color, know the principles of building a website interface depending on its purpose, and have technical skills in working with professional programs. Next, the layout is done.

The designer should create the layout, and the layout designer should create the layout and styles of the site. To do this, the layout designer will need knowledge of the HTML markup language and the CSS style language. These languages ​​are often included in the main programming languages ​​of sites, but they do not belong to programming languages.

The same special language is also JavaScript programming language or script control, which is part of the layout making it interactive.

Thus, just in order to create an interface, you will need knowledge of the basics of interface design, the ability to work in Adobe Photoshop or alternative programs (Adobe Illustrator, GIMP, Sketch), where you can create an image in layers, knowledge of HTML, CSS, JavaScript. All this knowledge will allow you to create a static website page from scratch.

If we are talking about a site, but when creating it, programming and site design are inseparable and design is an important, and sometimes the main component of creating a site. At least the design is exactly what you see. When discussing a site, people often discuss its design.

What the site consists of

We see the site on our screen, but it exists physically and it has a place where it is stored. Its availability and performance must be continuously maintained.

Site files

If the project of the page can be drawn even on a napkin, the main thing is that it is clear to the designer, then the designer needs to create a file in electronic form, which he sends to the layout designer. It is a graphic heavy source file that contains all the layers of the image.

During the creation of the layout, this file turns into three types of files, and in the case of interactive elements – into four. It:

  • Templates are files with HTML markup, written in HTML.
  • CSS files responsible for styles.
  • JavaScript files responsible for scripts on the page.
  • Graphic files (icons, images).

If we open the first three types of files in text format, we will see the text – the program code. All of these files are much lighter than a layered graphic file. Therefore, the pages open quickly and easily. Site creators must constantly make sure that the page is easy for the user to open, so that it is not too heavy. The process of making the code so that the page would open instantly in the user’s browser is called site optimization.

The files must be physically located somewhere in such a way that by typing a domain name in the address bar, the user receives a response from the server, as a result of which he receives the site interface on his screen.

The domain is bought from a domain provider, the files are hosted by the hosting provider, the domain is configured so that users can see the site.

The process of placing files on a hosting, setting up a site is called installing a site and it requires system administration competencies, because it includes the process of adapting the formats and versions of site files to the software that is installed on the server where the site is hosted. The system administrator is also responsible for the availability and performance of the site.

Database

Even for a landing page, we need visitors to fill out a form. The filling data must be available to the sales manager so that he can contact the visitor who left contacts. The interface itself does not store data, so you need to decide how to store, receive and update site data.

There are databases for storing data, and their management systems are DBMS. The most common database management system for websites is MySQL. In order for the site to work with the database, you need knowledge of the query language, SQL language.

Most sites, if they are not created only to display information and at least somehow interact with visitors, have a database. Usually, website programming lessons include lessons on working with a database, CashRubka, although on large projects this is done by individual specialists.

Content management

What is the difference between a static site and a dynamic one? The static one only shows information, while the dynamic one shows it taking into account certain conditions and allows you to change the information, constantly developing the site.

Usually, if the site is not created for a short time, it becomes necessary to manage it. Even if the site is informational and we do not collect any data from users, we cashrubka ourselves must interact with it, being its internal users – editors, section managers, etc. Usually people who create content did not implement the programming of the site page and are not competent in these matters …

The need to manage content makes the site much more difficult than just laid out pages, but managing such a site is not only easier, but in principle it is possible, which cannot be said about the simplest static sites.

Let’s give an example. Imagine a site with five pages, each with different information. In a static site, the texts are in HTML files, so to change this or that text, you need to open such a file and make changes, for example, add a comma. Such files are written by programmers or layout designers who are specially trained to understand this complex code. To put just one comma, you will have to get acquainted with a lot of incomprehensible code and among all this find a part of the text in which you need to edit. And if you need to make a small edit to the bottom or top of the site, which are usually the same, then you will have to edit each of the five pages. If you need to add some simple block, you need to already be able to typeset and use styles.

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Lack of professional experience (and often a person who does not even know the basics of site programming wants to make an edit) can lead to a violation of the entire page. What to do in this case?

A smart decision is to allow only a specialist (layout designer, programmer) to manage a static site. However, an hour of work of such a specialist is much more expensive than the cost of the work of a content manager dealing with texts. Each comma will cost the company too much, and site management over time will be much more expensive than building a site. In this case, the edits can be the smallest. This approach is disadvantageous. Therefore, CMS is used to manage content.

Dynamic site

Now everyone uses sites that can be managed without the involvement of its creators. These are dynamic sites that have not only external interfaces, but also an administrative interface, where you add text to pages, create pages, add and edit news, and everything you need to manage the site. If the site is informational, then employees of the company that owns the site interact with it, if this is a site for collecting information, a service, etc., then both the external and internal interfaces contain interaction tools. All information goes into the database, is difficult to process and is issued to each user group depending on the role. Each role has its own access rights. It is not easy to create such a complex system; it requires system knowledge and time. Therefore, if you need a manageable complex site,

To handle all complex processes, there is not enough knowledge of layout, styles and activities on the interface side – you need a program code written in a programming language. Such code is also a file similar to text, but they are more complex and interconnected.

Those who are just going to learn to program for creating websites are interested in which programming language for websites to choose? The above has already listed everything you need to create interfaces. Moreover, the interface is needed both external, for visitors, and internal, for administrators. The language of interaction with the database is also named.

Complex relationships are created in a programming language.

Programming languages ​​for website development

The site can be created in any programming language, most often PHP, C#,Ruby, Python, Java. However, not every programming language makes sense as a programming language for websites.

At first, sites are usually hosted, and it is the hosting that is responsible for supporting a particular language. The cheapest and most affordable hosting will be for PHP programming of the site.

Secondly, some languages ​​are more complicated and development specialists are “more expensive”, so these languages ​​are not chosen, because even for a relatively simple site, the cost of its support in the future is also important. The site requires support, we will dwell on this in more detail.

And thirdly, the site should be “easy” for the user, therefore such programming languages ​​are chosen that will create a site that will be comfortable for viewing. Usually more complex languages ​​are used for more complex tasks. So programming Java sites is not a cheap pleasure, but the site is often difficult and not the most convenient.

If you learn the Java programming language, most likely you will have a high salary, then you will not develop websites, but desktop applications, which is more expedient for this language. Sites programmed in Python are becoming a rarity, so hosting and support can be difficult. But website programming in Javascript, or rather the use of Javascript in the interface, is becoming more and more popular and in demand, does not depend on hosting and makes the interface much more convenient and interesting for the user.

Usually, to create sites on your own, even very complex ones, knowledge of Photoshop, HTML, CSS, Javascript, MySQL, PHP is enough. Often sites for learning programming offer to master these particular tools.

However, there are two approaches to creating websites – programming and administration. Each of them can be a simple and complex process. Even an educational programming site for schoolchildren can teach CashRubka the simplest skills of creating a site, but by studying each of these two paths separately.

Two ways to create a website

As already mentioned, creating a complex website is a long process and would be very expensive if you had to create a website from scratch every time. Therefore, under the creation of a site from scratch, it is assumed the development of a base site, after which it will be possible to create many sites of the same type, or the creation of a new site on a ready-made basis. Otherwise, website development would be cashrubka always unprofitable. Learning to program sites from scratch involves either creating such a framework (engine), or choosing from existing engines and customizing it to meet the requirements.

Many programming courses on website development offer to study in separate blocks the creation of websites on ready-made engines, layout, work with the base, as well as the creation of websites on ready-made “constructors” with a ready-made set of tools for creating dynamic sites – frameworks. Frameworks are a kind of website programming software, and working with a framework is programming that is limited by strict boundaries and set rules. This method is usually used to create an atypical custom design.

Regardless of the path chosen, the whole process of creating a website is even broader. Let’s figure out how the website is being developed.

Site creation progress

If you call any web project a site, then the approach to development, including the choice of tools and technologies, will depend on its type and scale. However, the course of its creation will remain unchanged. Can one person handle website development? In theory, it can, but it will combine many roles.

Let’s imagine this option and go all the way from the order to the completion of the project.

1. Collection of requirements and identification of needs

If a website is ordered for you, then you need to collect the customer’s requirements and find out for what purpose the website is being created, how it will be used and what is expected of it.

Whatever the customer and the scale of the project, this stage must take place. On large projects and in teams, the project manager or account manager is responsible for this stage.

2. Site concept

Based on the requirements and needs, after clarifications and discussions, a website concept is created. It can be a document, or it can be a verbal agreement, but the stage of creating a concept is also inevitable.

The concept, in whatever form it may be, should be the purpose and positioning of the site. This is where the type of site is found out, based on which the development technology is selected.

If the customer does not have an understanding of what site he needs, then he cannot know on the basis of what technologies the site should be made. It would be frivolous to ask a programmer who can work with only one technology, with a request to create a website on what is more convenient. Such a programmer will create a site in a certain way only because he has taken courses on programming sites using this technology. If the customer chooses the technology himself, then either he has sufficient expertise that he took on the stage of creating the concept, or he risks creating something that is not really needed.

In teams, a project manager or business analyst is responsible for concept development.

At a minimum, as a result of this stage, you need to find out what kind of site it will be:

  • Business card website.
  • Landing page.
  • Information site, blog.
  • Showcase site.
  • Online store.
  • Corporate portal.
  • An exclusive website with a non-standard solution.
  • Specialized service.
  • You also need to decide on the topic: auto, news, fashion, cooking, medicine, art, etc.

You also need to understand what goals the site is pursuing and what its audience will be – retirees, advanced techies, children, etc.

Answering key questions, they come to the definition of implementation technologies, terms and cost. They ask how to achieve certain goals and compliance with requirements, cashrubka so that it happens as quickly as possible, at the least cost and with the highest degree of guarantee that everything conceived is feasible in the chosen way.

Thus, the concept also contains a proposal for choosing a solution. Often, proposals for creating a website with a selected solution come to potential customers based on an independently performed analysis of the expected needs of the customer.

3. Choice of solution

There may be several options, in which case the pros and cons are weighed and a decision is made. Usually the choice is small and the decision becomes obvious after careful conceptualization.

The first five types of sites are typical, implemented many times. It is completely inappropriate to reinvent the wheel and build such sites from scratch. This can be justified only in one case – if you decide to create your own web studio and your own engine, which will justify itself after you receive the n-th number of orders. There are no other economically viable reasons to build such sites from scratch.

There are many ready-made engines, so if you decide to develop websites, you need to study all the popular engines and their features. This is also an important competence of a website developer. Today, learning to program websites may not even require knowledge of a programming language. Previously, sites only programmed, hence the habit of calling the creation of a site programming.

Everyone has their own favorite engines for each type of site. For a business card site or landing page, the Tilda platform is often chosen, on which you can make a website without programming and without choosing a hosting, for a blog site programming in WordPress is suitable, and for a storefront and an online store, PrestaShop is suitable. Each of the named engines has analogues and alternatives. The engines themselves are divided into free open source, paid under a license, and self-written – the very ones that you can develop for your own web studio.

What is the advantage of engines? These are essentially ready-made sites that can be changed to suit your requirements. They have been tested many times on other clients, it is perfectly known what can be expected from each of them, many ready-made modules have been created for them – plugins that you just need to select, like in a library, and connect to your site.

If you need an exclusive or corporate solution, they choose website programming technologies that allow you to quickly implement all the requirements. Usually they choose among frameworks or a set of libraries with semi-finished solutions. The choice of a framework already depends on the programming language. Among php frameworks, Yii, Symphony, Zend are popular, Ruby on Rails is used for Ruby, Django and Plone for Python, ASP.NET and .Net Framework for C #.

However, if you consider how rarely specific projects come across, more often a specialist in website creation without programming skills, who just knows the capabilities of popular engines, is in demand. This is very valuable because it allows you to very quickly get the desired result and immediately hit the target. What kind of specialist would any customer like to see as a website developer? Which could quickly select the right product from a variety and justify your choice. If, for example, a customer needs a smart assistant for getting a cashback on the trading platform, if he wants to use a profitable cashback for Aliexpress on his CashRubka website, then a good website specialist should quickly suggest by what means this can be solved on the engine used or how to get what he wants. based on their current capabilities.

The entire team is responsible for choosing a solution, each member of which checks the quality of the selected solution, simulating their participation in a particular technical solution.

4. Implementation

For large projects, complex technical tasks and specifications are written, sometimes a list of requirements is enough for small projects, in any case, after choosing a technical solution for it, a list of tasks is drawn up.

Typically, after the development of the technical specification or as part of the stage of creating the technical specification, the creation of a site begins from sketches / prototypes of typical pages, followed by the creation of layouts based on sketches, followed by layout and software development, but sometimes the use of engines and ready-made libraries significantly reduces these stages. and it happens that it completely excludes some of them.

For example, a ready-made engine initially has a design and allows a choice of ready-made free templates, moreover, for each topic. It only remains to apply. Typical templates already take into account the arrangement of blocks and do not require design and layout. However, knowledge and skills in programming, layout, working with the base can help in case of errors, and this is often the case when using ready-made engines and additional plugins for them.

Even when developing on frameworks, ready-made libraries are used, often including interface elements. A project using the React JavaScript library, the AngularJS JavaScript framework, or the Bootstrap library of ready-made tools can do without a designer.

The composition of the development team and the level of specialists depend on the decision.

5. Testing and filling with content

When the development of the whole project or part of it comes to an end, you need to check if everything works and if there are no errors. Testing is a separate competence and a separate role in a project. The QA manager is responsible for its results, and the testing progress is planned during the development of the technical specification. Knowing right away what will be checked, developers check their work as work progresses. On large projects, there are unit test developers who check what has been done in an automatic mode. During testing, the presence of the declared capabilities, the correctness of their work, the behavior of the system under non-standard scenarios, under load conditions, etc. are checked.

The site must contain information, it must be prepared in advance and filled already at the testing stage. It is advisable that the customer prepares texts for the site in advance, even before the start of development. Sometimes the site development team takes responsibility for the preparation and placement of content. In any case, this step should not be skipped. Only the posted content allows us to draw conclusions about the quality of the new site.

6. Training

An important stage that cannot be avoided is acquaintance of the customer with the obtained result and training to work with it. Training can consist in conducting coach meetings, conducting master classes, writing a user manual. This stage must be present, and the developer must be ready for cashrubka.

Features of website development on a ready-made engine

Website development on a ready-made well-known engine is essentially in-depth website administration. Connecting all features, setting rights, placing blocks – all this can be called administration. Creating a new site on a ready-made engine also involves filling the site with content. This is usually done by content managers, but if the site developer is a freelancer, and the site is executed on a ready-made engine, this work often comes across to him and is sometimes the most labor-intensive part of creating a site.

The most important competence when developing a website on the engine is to know plugins, be able to choose them for the task and connect. It is also important to know the errors in certain site modules or plugins. Today, an important competence is not development from scratch, but knowledge of existing options and the ability to choose the best one. Too much ready-made has been created in the world, the time has come not to create yet, but to be able to understand what exists.

Features of development on the framework

Development on a framework requires not so much programming knowledge as knowledge of the features of the framework. It’s like creating a website on a ready-made engine – you need to know the rules and apply them using a programming language. If a specialist works according to a clearly written technical specification and uses the knowledge of the framework to perform his tasks, he can be equated with an administrator with knowledge of the programming language.

A framework is a complex system, something like a programming application, knowing it takes time, immersion and experience. Therefore, specialists often stop at one particular framework and perform work only on this engine, respectively, taking orders only for sites designed for this platform.

On the other hand, specialists who thoroughly know one or another framework are highly regarded as narrow specialists.

Features of development “from scratch”

The desire to create your own engine, CMS, which would correspond to your own vision of organizing a content management system, is usually based on a good knowledge of existing engines, their pros and cons, knowledge of frameworks and popular libraries (sets of ready-made solutions based on an existing programming language) and their features. thorough knowledge of methodologies, several programming languages ​​and current trends. Without all this, you will get a repetition of the existing solution with not yet detected errors.

Do not forget that popular engines have been tested by a huge number of users, their errors have been corrected by a wide community, so creating something better most likely will not work out quickly. Almost all engines have appeared as a result of someone’s development “for themselves”, which over time has become sufficiently popular and worthy to be open to everyone.

On the other hand, almost all existing engines are already outdated enough and it would be nice to get something new and more relevant.

Important programmer competencies

From the point of view of the essence of the concept of “programmer”, a specialist who knows how to choose the optimal solution based on ready-made options is much closer to this concept than a specialist who “translates into program code” strictly described tasks, realizing them in the only known way.

Programming in a broad sense is the creation of a system control program or the creation of a system. Programming includes finding the optimal solution to a particular problem. This requires knowledge of different options and experience with them.

It is believed that a good programmer is impossible without obtaining theoretical foundations that can only be obtained in higher education. In this case, he will become a creator, and not just an artisan.

If you know the basics and the essence, be able to think analytically, then there is no difference in which language you program, you can easily master any of the existing languages ​​and select the most suitable one for a specific task.

It is important for a programmer to develop logical and algorithmic thinking, the ability to work with the grammar of artificial and natural languages, and to strengthen the ability to constantly learn.

Knowledge of English is a prerequisite for a programmer to keep abreast of what’s new in their field.

A programmer needs experience to become a real programmer. There is a joke about what it takes CashRubka to become a programmer – it takes ten thousand hours.

A true programmer is really trained in two types of tasks: fixing someone else’s code and reinventing the wheel. That is why programmers often decide to create their own engines when there are a lot of ready-made ones. They need it to be successful.

However, real programmers don’t build websites. In a world where you can create a website off-the-shelf and it is completely unjustified to do it “from scratch”, there is no point in making typical sites, going all the way from the very beginning.

T-competencies

As for the creation of sites, this is a work related not only to programming, but also to communication. To make the best decisions, a person needs to know the goals and limitations, therefore, one way or another, creating a high-quality website means interacting with people and finding the best option, handing over the work and presenting the results.

To develop websites, T-competencies are needed: the vertical part of the letter denotes the depth of knowledge, and the horizontal part – the breadth of erudition and the willingness to cooperate and interact with other people.

A modern website developer should be cashrubka able to delve into the subject area, know a lot from different areas, know how to implement a particular system on different platforms and devices. Developers for mobile devices are worth their weight in gold, and most web users view the site on mobile devices.

The site developer also understands how the site helps his client. He must understand usability, understand how the business of a certain area works, in order to suggest and implement what will actually bring the client to the table.

Today, a universal website developer knows how to set up contextual advertising, correct content, process photos, know free photo stocks, be able to use Google and Yandex analytics, create banners and set up forms on external services.

Programming includes not only development, but also support for the created system.

Website support

Technical support is a continuation of the work on creating sites. Support includes:

  • Consultations on cashrubka site administration.
  • Consultations on working with the content of the site.
  • Training to work with the site.
  • Correction of development errors.
  • Adaptation to changes in the environment (new browsers, versions of existing browsers, new mobile devices and screen resolutions).
  • Monitoring.
  • Optimization.
  • Site support is as far as its development is concerned, which often includes support clauses in the site development contract.

Development tasks are often included in support. These include:

  1. Refinement of existing functionality – expansion and improvement.
  2. Development of new functionality and creation of new subprojects.
  3. Improvement suggestions.
  4. Programmers have not only a site created personally, but also sites created by other programmers. It is because of difficulties with support that they often stop at the most common engines, programming languages ​​and solutions. This is a guarantee that there is someone to support the site.

Working with someone else’s site, fixing someone’s code is a job that programmers don’t like, but which, according to experts, effectively develops them. But first of all, this is experience, these are real projects and constant improvement.

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How many times have you thought about learning how to code but got discouraged because you had no technical background, didn’t have the time to learn, or you just didn’t think you were smart enough to have a crack at it?

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