There are many languages that are not popular right now, but may become mega in demand in the near future. We will now tell you about 13 such languages.
You should learn a programming language every year, as recommended by The Pragmatic Programmer. But if one per year is good, how about Seven Languages in Seven Weeks? In this book you’ll get a hands-on tour of Clojure, Haskell, Io, Prolog, Scala, Erlang, and Ruby. Whether or not your favorite language is on that list, you’ll broaden your perspective of programming by examining these languages side-by-side. You’ll learn something new from each, and best of all, you’ll learn how to learn a language quickly.
Ruby, Io, Prolog, Scala, Erlang, Clojure, Haskell. With Seven Languages in Seven Weeks, by Bruce A. Tate, you’ll go beyond the syntax-and beyond the 20-minute tutorial you’ll find someplace online. This book has an audacious goal: to present a meaningful exploration of seven languages within a single book. Rather than serve as a complete reference or installation guide, Seven Languages hits what’s essential and unique about each language. Moreover, this approach will help teach you how to grok new languages.
For each language, you’ll solve a nontrivial problem, using techniques that show off the language’s most important features. As the book proceeds, you’ll discover the strengths and weaknesses of the languages, while dissecting the process of learning languages quickly–for example, finding the typing and programming models, decision structures, and how you interact with them.
Explore the concurrency techniques that are quickly becoming the backbone of a new generation of Internet applications. Find out how to use Erlang’s let-it-crash philosophy for building fault-tolerant systems. Understand the actor model that drives concurrency design in Io and Scala. Learn how Clojure uses versioning to solve some of the most difficult concurrency problems.
It’s all here, all in one place. Use the concepts from one language to find creative solutions in another-or discover a language that may become one of your favorites.
All languages have different specifications of work and code structure, but they have some similarities: after their improvement and automation, languages will have a high chance of becoming the fastest, smartest and most stable. Each item is capable of revolutionizing programming very soon (in a year, two or 5 years). They are the most promising for self-education of developers.
Conditionally Ris a programming language, but more precisely it can be described as a set of queries, templates designed to analyze and process data. This language is quite young (only 20 years old), but managed to become one of the best in its niche due to accessibility, ease of learning and ease of work. During its existence, a lot of literature and several powerful IDEs have appeared: Commander and Studio.
A way to change the future: analysis of volumetric data will become publicly available and will receive a household level, something similar happened with spreadsheets.
Java cannot be called a new language, in almost all ratings it occupies, if not a leading position, then it is in the top three. Today, world-famous universities, mainly in the United States, must pass the APCS test, which is performed onJava – this is a standard test of programming knowledge.
The popularity and title of the leader is well deserved, since the language includes endless possibilities that go far beyond the functions used today. Some of the important features are the ability to use functional programming and support for multithreading processes, that is, an asynchronous event handler with multiple data processing threads.
How will it manifest itself in the future:the popularity of the language brings together the best programmers in search of solutions to existing problems and the development of new features. Even if the whole idea fails, the footprint on computer development will remain colossal.
The Swift language is not a universal solution to all life’s difficulties, but it is used to develop all kinds of programs on Apple products. It is the best tool on MAC OS and iOS platforms. The language is devoid of many problems inherent in other well-known languages (Objective-C, Python, Java), which makes the code cleaner and increases the speed of the product.
What is the perspective: if the growth of the popularity of the language continues, Swift will become a must for all programmers aimed at developing applications for mobile platforms.
Such a large-scale and developed system of software products like Google’s began to need a separate language that would allow extremely fast data processing. This is how the language appearedGo, in which the goal is to simplify the code as much as possible, sometimes by rejecting a number of useful ideas inherent in competitors.
The emphasis was right, as evidenced by the growing popularity of the language, regular press releases and high speed of work. It is an ideal solution for working with large data streams, as it is resistant to failures and errors.
What to expect from Go: interacting and working with artificial intelligence through Go will become so accessible that even a student can do it for fun.
Today, there are still many programmers who are ardent adherents of the C language because of the minimal syntax, maximum control over processes, and the sharp appearance of code errors. Such developers, despite the advantages of C, want to get even more good features. It is worth taking a closer look at language D, which collected the main functions and advantages of C and C ++, and added add-ons for memory management on top, introduced an abundance of data types. An important advantage is that you can now write parallel and functional code.
What will affect the world: would be the end of the C era and turn C ++ geeks into dinosaurs.
This language is the CSS-only sibling to CoffeeScript. Its main idea is to program with minimal time investment and work even with complex projects. There are loops, variables injected and other classic constructs for JS code. Now the superstructure can become even more powerful than the base itself.
How will it affect: the customer does not know what he wants and wants to see several variants of sites on the site, and the developer, having spent a couple of minutes, will present 5-6 color variations.
At the beginning of the path MATLAB was exclusively the language of mathematicians and scientists, and then exclusively hardcore. In its modern variation, the language is taught in universities, it is used to develop solutions for most problems that are faced with the need to analyze a huge array of data and their visual presentation.
The geeks are serious about testing a wide range of language features and accompanying software, but today still no negative results have been identified. It is difficult to imagine MATLAB in an even better version.
How the future will change: a highly stable, fast and versatile language will become a must for every company.
The opinions of experts agree on one thing – the future of IT will be “on a short leg” with the IoT, respectively, a transition to the languages that are used for its organization is expected. The choice in favor of Arduino lies on the surface, since the language is the most popular and promising. In general, it is difficult to call it a language, rather a beautiful wrapper for C / C ++. Further development of the Arduino will lead to the possibility of a fast and high-quality implementation of a smart electronic network.
How the future will change: will revolutionize the “smart home” system.
Few IT specialists, and we are not talking about mere mortals, represent the amount of processed data in the video adapter during launch in simple games or watching movies in HD quality or 4k. The need to organize efficient data distribution led Nvidia to the understanding that it cannot do without its own language.CUDA is inherently a truncated C language that deals with multiple computational processes.
Not so long ago, everyone was given access to the GPU architecture. The use of CUDA now extends far beyond Nvidia.
What to expect: will manage to survive good processing speed even from older graphics cards.
Functional programming (FP) has practically captured the minds of the IT world. IN Scala all work is done not with a value or a specific variable, but with entire functions describing values. Scala ranks first among FP, the language is compiled into the JVM. The advantage of Scala is its support for all platforms on which Java runs, and today it is difficult to find another.
At the initial stage, it is important to understand the language and go beyond standard programming stereotypes, then the study will not cause great difficulties.
What to see: FP will move to the masses and partially replace Java.
Scala also has worthy competitors in the FP world. The previous option can be assigned the title of the most popular in the region, and for Haskell – the most beloved.
Gradually, but there is a tendency to move large companies whose work is related to processing data arrays in Haskell. One of the latter is Facebook. Its advantages include intuitive clarity and compactness.
What to expect: can take the place of Scala or be equal.
In the days of XML, the big data format, XSLT was the best tool for processing XML. After losing leadership and passing it to JSON, XSLT replaced just Jolt… Allows you to create the simplest filters, group colossal data sets with minimal resource consumption. If the developer is faced with a difficult task, then it is better to look at more functional languages.
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