The following list contains the top 20 programming languages and their performance compared to last year’s rankings based on TIOBE index…
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1. Good old language C (si)
As one of the oldest programming languages, C is still one of the best programming languages, thanks to its portability and early adoption by tech giants such as Microsoft, Oracle, and Apple. It can work with almost any system and is great for operating systems and embedded systems.
Because of its relatively short runtime, C is an ideal choice for supporting small and portable systems. C is essentially a universal programming language and has spawned by-products such as C ++ and C #, which are also quite popular.
Opportunity for career growth: software developer, application developer, tester.
2. Java – continues to dominate
Over the past few years, Java has remained at the top of the ranking of the most popular programming languages. According to TIOBE, Java has ranked first and second more than any other language in a couple of decades.
A large number of well-known companies use Java for software and application development, so if you know Java, you definitely won’t have to look for a job long. The main reasons for Java’s popularity are its portability, scalability and large user community.
Opportunity for career growth: web developer, application developer, Android developer, EJB programmer, software developer, tester, etc.
3. Python – on the rise
The past 15 years have seen a steady rise in the popularity of Python. Python has also increased the index significantly this year and is considered one of the most popular programming languages. Over the past couple of years, it has managed to rank in the top 5 of the TIOBE index.
As the primary language behind some of the most promising technologies such as AI, machine learning, BigData, and robotics, Python has amassed a huge fan base in recent years. You will be surprised to learn how easy it is to learn Python, which is why many experienced developers choose Python as their second or third language.
Opportunity for career growth: software engineer, software developer, web developer, quality assurance engineer, data science.
4. C ++ continues to dominate
The popular object-oriented programming language was developed in the 1980s and is still found in many systems today, from desktop web applications to server infrastructure. C ++ is still in demand due to its flexibility, performance, and the many contexts in which you can use it.
A career in C ++ usually involves developing desktop applications focused on performing tasks that require high performance. Proficiency in C ++ can provide a deeper understanding of how programming languages work and help you acquire low-level memory skills.
Opportunity for career growth: operating systems and compilers, database engines, game industry, financial platforms, embedded systems
5.C # is a favorite in game developers
C # is a modern object-oriented programming language developed by Microsoft to compete with Java, which was heavily used by business software developers at the time. It was designed for developing applications on Microsoft platform and needs .NET Framework for Windows.
You can use C # to develop just about anything, but the language is especially effective for desktop applications and Windows games. After steadily declining in popularity over the past two years, C # seems to be finally picking up steam as it has moved up one place this year, pushing away Visual Basic .NET.
Opportunity for career growth: game developer, application developer
6. Visual Basic .NET
Despite the fact that Visual Basic .NET continues to occupy the sixth position, like last year, in the list of the most popular programming languages in 2020, there is a downward trend in the ranking of the language as a whole. It is one of Microsoft’s object-oriented languages that combines the power of .NET Framework-based classes and a runtime environment.
Based on VB6, it is well known for developing GUI applications that simplify programmers’ tasks and increase productivity. For VB programmers .NET offers a fast and easy way to build desktop applications for the Windows platform as well as web services and web development.
Opportunity for career growth: Senior Programmer, Software Developer, DevOps Engineer, QA Automation Engineer
Career: web developer, software developer, app developer, UI / UX
8.the R language that programmers love
The demand for the R programming language and the number of people using it has grown rapidly in recent years. Over the past few months, he has struggled to find a spot in the top 10. However, from the TIOBE rankings, it can be seen that R has climbed significantly 13 spots, moving up from 22 to 9 over the past year. For data analysts, the R language comes first in the choice of statistics, graphing, and data visualization analysis.
It has evolved into a big data tool and finds its way into machine learning as well as some areas of scientific computing. The scale and perspective of R programming looks pretty promising, and it is certainly a stable and profitable career choice for people interested in data science.
Opportunity for career growth: Data-Scientist, Business Analyst, Big Data Engineer (BigData)
9. PHP for web development
PHP offers several frameworks such as Laravel and Drupal to help developers build applications faster with greater scalability and reliability. Hence, if you’re looking for a career in web development, PHP is a good place to start.
Opportunity for career growth: web developer (web applications)
In 2010, Apple began developing a new programming language called Swift that rivals Objective-C in several areas, especially when it comes to security and better performance in hardware. Swift is supposedly over 2.6 times faster than Objective-C and over 8.4 times faster than Python.
The first version of Swift was released in September 2014. Swift has continued to grow steadily since then, and with the release of Swift 5.0, the language is still supported by several iOS and macOS developers. Swift is now Apple’s official language and anyone looking to pursue a career as an iOS / macOS developer should learn Swift.
Career Opportunity: Developer apps for iOS, OS X, watchOS, and tvOS.
It’s time to choose the most popular programming language
That concludes our list of the most popular programming languages you should learn in 2020. I hope the ranking of programming languages in this article will help you choose the right programming career path based on your interests and the type of software development you would like to pursue.
Each language has its pros and cons, so take your time weighing each option and choosing accordingly. More importantly, make sure you are fluent in the language of your choice for programming. Until then, enjoy programming!
Early in his software developer career, John Sonmez discovered that technical knowledge alone isn’t enough to break through to the next income level – developers need “soft skills” like the ability to learn new technologies just in time, communicate clearly with management and consulting clients, negotiate a fair hourly rate, and unite teammates and coworkers in working toward a common goal.